Pregnancy – How to Protect Yourself During Pregnancy

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Every woman experiences pregnancy and all the changes it brings with it. Pregnancy is the natural result of sexual reproduction, but is also a biological process that involve the ovulation of an egg and the development of the fetus inside a woman’s womb. Pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, which is about nine months, or about two months after the last menstrual period. Health care professionals often refer to these three periods of pregnancy, also known as trimesters, as trimester.

The period just after the first menstrual cycle (first trimester) is the safest time to try to get pregnant since you are not at risk of experiencing serious complications or becoming pregnant. However, if you want to become pregnant, you have to be ready for some serious medical conditions, which may arise during this period. These include:

Increased risk of preeclampsia. This is a condition wherein there is an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications such as preterm delivery and low birth weight infants born prematurely. Women who experience frequent miscarriages also have a higher risk of encountering preterm labor, which can be life-threatening. A prolonged shortage of cervical mucus during this stage increases the risk of contracting preterm labor.

Maternal health issues. Pregnant women are generally at a higher risk of developing certain pregnancy-related health problems such as miscarriage, uterine infection, bacterial infection, and infection of the fallopian tube or uterus. This is due to hormonal imbalances in the body, which may make the egg thick and misshaped. If an expectant mother contracts chlamydia or gonorrhea, she has an increased risk of getting infections in her reproductive organs, which may lead to the development of cysts or cancer of the reproductive organs. If you contract an STD, make sure that you inform your doctor about it so he or she can advise you on proper treatment.

Increased risk of premature birth. In addition to the normal risks involved in pregnancy, pregnant women may experience a number of physical and mental health issues, such as stress, exhaustion, fatigue, and nausea. The uterus, due to hormonal changes, tends to expand during the course of the pregnancy. This can lead to a physical and mental strain on the expectant mother, which may lead to an increased risk of premature birth.

Risk of implantation adhesions. If the fertilized egg implants in the uterus before the woman gives birth, there is an increased risk that the baby will suffer from problems associated with premature birth, such as low birth weight or life-threatening conditions such as still birth. If a woman gets pregnant and then implants the fertilized egg somewhere else in the fallopian tube, a separate issue arises because the fallopian tube can also get infected.